Periodontal Disease Stages

The 3 Stages of Periodontal Disease

Stage 1: Gingivitis

Gingivitis is the first and most common step of periodontal disease. This stage is characterized by plaque buildup around the gums that causes inflammation. Unlike the following two stages of periodontitis, gingivitis is entirely treatable. Most cases of this stage are treated by proper hygiene: brushing and flossing your teeth diligently. Progressed cases of gingivitis will require a periodontist’s attention.

Causes:

Poor oral hygiene
Smoking tobacco
Poor nutrition
Hormonal changes e.g. pregnancy 

Symptoms:

Bright red/purple gums
Tender gums
Swollen gums
Bleeding when brushing/flossing teeth


Stage 2: Periodontitis

Periodontitis, the second stage of periodontal disease, occurs when plaque continues to build up, causing an infection in the mouth. Pockets of built-up bacteria form under the gums, placing the jaw bones at risk of serious damage. Teeth are also at risk of falling out with periodontitis.

Causes:

All previous causes of stage 1
Obesity
Specific medications
Substance abuse

Symptoms:

All previous symptoms of stage 1
Gaps or pockets developing between teeth
Pus between gums and teeth
Bad breath
Loose teeth
Pain and discomfort in the gums
Poorly aligned ‘bite’ develops


Stage 3: Advanced Periodontitis

During the third and final stage (advanced periodontitis), previously formed pockets of plaque grow bigger, affecting a wider area of jaw bone. This stage is painful and uncomfortable, and the gums recede excessively. In many cases, teeth must be professionally removed to salvage the remaining jaw bone. 

Causes: 

All previous causes of stages 1 & 2
Old age
Progressed periodontitis

Symptoms:

Consistently bad breath
Severe toothaches
Teeth falling out
Excessively receded gums


Periodontal disease is irreversible, destructive, and unpleasant, but most importantly: it’s avoidable. It’s imperative to maintain great oral health, schedule regular dental cleanings and commit to healthy habits! 

At Periodontal Health Center, we specialize in bone regeneration, laser gum surgery, dental implants, periodontal disease therapy and more. If you’re experiencing the symptoms of gingivitis, improve your oral hygiene and schedule an appointment with our periodontists as soon as possible. If you are looking for gum disease treatment, Tampa and New Port Richey PHC offices have you covered. 

You can easily schedule an appointment online by filling out a request. We provide periodontal services for your every need! If you have any questions, please contact us