Periodontal diseases may be more common than you think. In fact, according to the American Academy of Periodontology nearly 1 out of every 2 people have a periodontal disease! These diseases are the most common reasons that adults lose their teeth.
The two most common periodontal diseases are gingivitis and periodontitis.
What is gingivitis?
Gingivitis is characterized by inflammation of the gums and base of the teeth. Gingivitis affects nearly 50% of the adult population in the U.S.! Common symptoms are swollen, puffy and red gums which are prone to bleeding during your normal dental hygiene routine. These symptoms can make it uncomfortable to brush and floss which then causes those affected to perform these routines less thoroughly which only compounds the issue.
How to treat gingivitis?
Generally, practicing good dental hygiene habits can protect from and repair gingivitis. In cases where the condition is more extreme, you may require professional cleaning and medicated mouthwashes may be prescribed.
What is periodontitis?
Periodontitis is characterized by the destruction of the bone and tissues of the teeth. This is when the gums can recede from the teeth and form pockets which collect bacteria and debris and can become infected. The end result can be the loss of teeth as the bone deteriorates.
How to treat periodontitis?
In order to treat periodontitis first the pockets that have formed near the gums must be cleaned out by a dental professional. This cleaning processes is called scaling and it removes the plaque and calculus that has developed under the gums. This process paired with consistent follow up care treats periodontitis.