Is an Electric Toothbrush Better for Receding Gums?
Electric Toothbrush Advantages
- More convenient for people with dexterity challenges (e.g. people with braces or other orthodontic appliances)
- Many options feature built-in timers, pressure sensors, various modes for different cleaning approaches and reminders to change the brush head
- Bristles use a range of motions (side-to-side and back-and-forth oscillation)
- Deliver an average of 40,000 to 60,000 brush movements per minute
Electric Toothbrush Disadvantages
- May create the tendency to apply more pressure when brushing, leading to gum recession
- Considerably more expensive than manual toothbrushes and require replacement brush heads
- Require charging and careful handling to prevent damage to the battery
Manual Toothbrush Advantages
- Affordable and easily accessible to buy or replace at convenience stores
- Easy to maintain without the need to charge or replace batteries
- Convenient for traveling
- Can choose from a range of bristles (soft, medium, hard)
Manual Toothbrush Disadvantages
- Speed and range of motion are manual, not automatic
- May have to replace toothbrush more often than electric brush heads
- No choice of modes for deeper cleaning
- No timer feature to indicate when your teeth are thoroughly brushed
- Deliver an average of 300 to 600 brush movements per minute
Electric Vs. Manual Toothbrush Studies
- In a study conducted by the Department of Periodontology and Implantology, 30 subjects were given Oral B® manual toothbrushes and another group of 30 subjects was given Oral B® powered toothbrushes. Subjects were instructed to brush their teeth twice a day for 2 minutes at a time. In conclusion, the powered toothbrush proved more effective at removing supragingival plaque and improving gingival health than the manual toothbrush.
- In a study published in 2019 by BMC Oral Health, 55 subjects were given electric toothbrushes, while 60 subjects were given manual toothbrushes. Subjects were asked to clean their teeth to the best of their abilities for six months. In conclusion, there was no difference in the amount of plaque and the level of oral hygiene between manual brushing and electric brushing.
Is an Electric or Manual Toothbrush Better for Gums?
- Brush twice a day
- Use your toothbrush at a 45-degree angle
- Brush the inner and outer surfaces of your teeth
- Use circular motions, up-and-down motions, and back-and-forth motions
- Brush for 2 minutes each time